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FeliCa is an acronym for Felicity Card and was developed by Sony. It is a contactless communication protocol compatible with ISO/IEC 14443 and therefore operating within the proximity distance of 10 cm.
The Global System for Mobile communications is, with its digital signalling and speech channels, the most popular standard for 2nd generation mobile phone systems used in the world. GSM's availability enables international roaming arrangements between mobile phone operators, providing subscribers the use of their phones in many parts of the world.
The Host Controller Interface (HCI) is a logical interface, allowing a contactless front-end to communicate directly with an application processor, multiple secure elements and e.g. RF gates in diverse electronic devices such as mobile phones, PDAs and PC peripherals, allowing fast integration of NFC functionality.
HCP (Host Controller Protocol) is used to support the communication between the Contactless Front-end (CLF) of an NFC enabled mobile phone and a contactless application as it can be found on the SIM inserted into such a device.
InterChip USB (IC-USB) is intended as a low power variant of the standard physical USB 2.0 interface. IC-USB is being used primarily in mobile phones. The technology is standardised by ETSI in specification TS 102 600 as the official high speed interface for connections between the handset's main chipset and the UICC.
IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is used within the 3G mobile phone technologies and enables the convergence of voice, video, data and mobile network technology by an IP-based infrastructure, IMS is the way to offer internet services everywhere using cellular technology and fills the gap between cellular and internet technology.
An IP Multimedia Services Identity Module contains parameters for identifying and authenticating the user to the IMS
ISO/IEC 14443 is defining the proximity standard of contactless communication. For both types the underlying communication scheme is half duplex with a 106 kbit per second data rate in each direction. In both cases, data transmitted by the card is load modulated with a 847.5 kHz subcarrier. However, both differ in the physical layer and the initialisation procedure (anticollision and selection).
ISO/IEC 7816 is the national standard for the "classic" contact based inter circuit cards (ICC) and specifies all electronic and mechanical characteristics of an ICC as well as its size, the arrangement and function of its contacts and its eventually existing magnetic stripes as well as the transmission protocols of data transmission between the chip card and terminal, its security devices and much more. The standard was developed by the ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) and the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).